Health –Uric Acid / Gout

What is Uric Acid / Gout?

Uric acid is a waste product normally present in the blood as a result of the breakdown of purines. Excessive amounts of uric acid can cause crystals to form in the joints and cause gout.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a kind of arthritis caused by too much uric acid in the joints. Uric acid is a substance that forms when your body breaks down a substance called pureness. This substance normally dissolves in your blood and passes through your kidneys into your urine. In people with gout, uric acid builds up and forms sharp crystals that can collect around the joints. This causes pain and swelling in the affected joints.

Who Can Get Gout?

If you eat a lot of foods that are rich in purines, you may get gout. Some of these foods are salmon, sardines, liver and herring.

What Is A Gout Attack Like?

It may be sudden. It usually starts at night, often in the big toe joint. The affected joint becomes red, feels hot and hurts. The joint hurts more when you touch it. Other joints may also be affected.

What If I Don’t Get Treatment?

If you don’t get treatment, a gout attack can last for days or even weeks. If you keep having more attacks, more joints will be affected, and the attacks will last longer.

If you have gout attacks for many years, you may develop tophi  These are soft tissue swellings caused by uric acid crystals. Tophi usually form on the toes, fingers, hands and elbows. You may also get kidney disease or kidney stones. Over time, the bone around a joint may be destroyed by gout.

Diet helps To control your body's production of uric acid :

1)  Limit meat, poultry and fish. Animal proteins are high in purine. Avoid or severely limit high-purine foods, such as organ meats, herring, anchovies and mackerel.

2)  Eat more plant-based proteins.

3)  Limit or avoid alcohol. Alcohol interferes with the elimination of uric acid from your body.

4)  Drink plenty of fluids, particularly water. Fluids can help remove uric acid from your body. Aim for eight to 16 8-ounce (237 milliliter) glasses a day.




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